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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of mouse retinol binding protein gene expression by cyclic AMP in Hepa 1-6 cells.

Retinol binding protein (RBP) is the primary circulating transport molecule for retinol, facilitating its transport to target tissues and influencing target cell uptake. Specific signals and molecular mechanisms that regulate RBP gene expression are poorly understood. Using the mouse hepatoma cell line (Hepa 1-6), we examined the role of cAMP in the molecular regulation of RBP. Dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP) or the adenylate cyclase activator, forskolin, increased RBP mRNA levels >6-fold at 24 h. Increases in RBP mRNA were dose dependent over the range of 10 microM-1 mM for dbcAMP and 0.5-10 microM for forskolin. 8-Bromo cAMP, a nonhydrolyzable analog, over the range of 0.01-0.5 mM, increased RBP mRNA levels 9.2-fold at 24 h. Induction of RBP transcripts by analogs also resulted in a comparable increase in intracellular RBP protein. Cycloheximide (10 microgram/ml) did not prevent cAMP-mediated induction of RBP mRNA, indicating that de novo protein synthesis is not required for cAMP-mediated induction of RBP transcription.These studies demonstrate that cAMP, or agents which elevate intracellular cAMP, increase RBP transcript levels. The time course and extent of RBP mRNA induction and the resultant increase in RBP protein support the concept that cAMP regulation of RBP gene expression may be physiologically relevent. Given the ubiquitous nature of cAMP as a second messenger, and the several mechanisms by which cAMP regulates gene expression, studies are in progress to define molecular mechanisms by which cAMP regulates RBP gene expression.[1]


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