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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Blocking ligand occupancy of the alphaVbeta3 integrin inhibits insulin-like growth factor I signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells.

Blocking alphaVbeta3 integrin occupancy results in attenuation of the cellular migration response to insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). To determine whether integrin antagonists alter other IGF-I-stimulated biologic actions, quiescent smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were exposed to echistatin and their ability to respond to IGF-I was determined. Echistatin (10(-7) M) inhibited IGF-I-stimulated DNA synthesis by 80%, and the protein synthesis response also was inhibited. Therefore blocking occupancy of alphaVbeta3 inhibited multiple target cell actions of IGF-I. To determine whether blocking alphaVbeta3 occupancy could alter IGF-I receptor-mediated signal transduction, the ability of IGF-I to stimulate phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) was analyzed. A 10-min exposure to 100 ng/ml of IGF-I resulted in a substantial increase in phosphorylated IRS-1, and echistatin (10(-7) M) blocked the IGF-I-induced IRS-1 phosphorylation response. Echistatin also attenuated downstream signaling because the capacity of the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3 kinase) to bind to IRS-1 was blocked. In contrast, exposure of SMCs to vitronectin (1.0 micrograms/cm2) or thrombospondin (0.25 micrograms/cm2), two known ligands for alphaVbeta3, resulted in enhancement of the IGF-I-stimulated IRS-1 response. To determine whether these effects were caused by alterations in receptor kinase activity, the IGF-I receptor was immunoprecipitated and then analyzed for phosphotyrosine. Echistatin (10(-7) M) significantly reduced IGF-I-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of the IGF-I receptor beta subunit. We conclude that occupancy of the alphaVbeta3 integrin is necessary for IGF-I to fully activate the kinase activity of the IGF-I receptor and phosphorylate IRS-1. Activation of the alphaVbeta3 receptor results in an interaction with the IGF-I signal transduction pathway, which modulates SMCs responsiveness to IGF-I.[1]


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