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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oncostatin M up-regulates tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 gene expression in articular chondrocytes via de novo transcription, protein synthesis, and tyrosine kinase- and mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent mechanisms.

Cytokines and growth factors regulate physiologic and pathologic turn-over of cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) by altering the balance between tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Oncostatin M ( OSM) is a cytokine of the IL-6 family whose levels are increased in the serum and synovial fluids of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We examined responsiveness of the TIMP-3 gene to OSM in articular chondrocytes and studied the regulatory and signaling mechanisms of this response. OSM induced TIMP-3 mRNA and protein expression in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Concomitantly, stromelysin-1 and collagenase-1 RNA and activities were also induced. A cartilage matrix growth factor, TGF-beta, induced TIMP-3, but combined OSM and TGF-beta did not further increase the extent of induction, suggesting a lack of synergy between the two. OSM induction of TIMP-3 gene expression was dependent upon de novo protein synthesis and transcription. RNA decay time-courses suggested that the OSM- mediated increase of TIMP-3 RNA was not due to enhanced message stability and, along with inhibition by actinomycin-D, suggested a transcriptional control. The antiinflammatory glucocorticoid, dexamethasone, down-regulated this augmentation. Investigation of the signaling mechanisms revealed that protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors genistein and herbimycin A, as well as the specific mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase inhibitor PD98059, suppressed OSM- induced TIMP-3 message expression, suggesting the involvement of tyrosine kinases and mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades in the signaling of OSM leading to TIMP-3 RNA enhancement. Thus OSM can potentially alter the cartilage matrix metabolism by regulating genes like TIMP-3 and matrix metalloproteinases.[1]


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