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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fas ligand, tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression, and apoptosis during allograft rejection and tolerance.

BACKGROUND: Cytotoxic T cells can induce target cell lysis and apoptosis by different pathways. The interactions of CD95 antigen (Fas) with its ligand (CD95L) and of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha with its receptor (TNF-R1) lead to apoptotic cell death. Recently, conflicting studies have been published concerning the expression and the role of CD95L in allograft rejection and tolerance. METHODS: In this study, the intragraft expression of CD95/CD95L and TNF-alpha and the frequency and distribution of apoptotic cells were compared in a model of heterotopic cardiac allograft in the rat in which recipients were either not treated (acute rejection) or pretreated with donor-specific blood transfusion (tolerant). RESULTS: In the acutely rejected allografts, a peak in the expression of CD95L and TNF-alpha and in the number of apoptotic cells was observed during the first week after transplantation; apoptotic cells were confined to graft-infiltrating cells. In the tolerated allografts, however, levels of graft-infiltrating cell apoptosis and CD95L and TNF-alpha expression during the same period of time were dramatically lower. The expression of Fas was constitutive and was not modulated during acute rejection or tolerance. CONCLUSION: This down-regulation of CD95L and TNF-alpha in allografts rendered tolerant by donor-specific transfusion suggests a role for apoptosis-inducing pathways in acute allograft rejection.[1]


  1. Fas ligand, tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression, and apoptosis during allograft rejection and tolerance. Josien, R., Müschen, M., Gilbert, E., Douillard, P., Heslan, J.M., Soulillou, J.P., Cuturi, M.C. Transplantation (1998) [Pubmed]
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