The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Caulerpenyne interferes with microtubule-dependent events during the first mitotic cycle of sea urchin eggs.

Caulerpenyne (Cyn), the major secondary metabolite synthesized by the green alga Caulerpa taxifolia proliferating in the Mediterranean Sea, is a cytotoxic sesquiterpene. As this compound has an antiproliferative potency by inhibiting division of many types of cells, we examined the precise effects of Cyn during the early development of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Whereas Cyn (60 microM) had no effect on fertilization, it blocked the first cell division in the same manner whether added before or after fertilization, provided the drug was added before or during metaphase. Immunofluorescence localization revealed that Cyn had no effect on the microtubular sperm aster formation, pronuclei migration and fusion, chromosome condensation, nuclear envelope breakdown, and bipolar mitotic spindle assembly. However, mitosis was blocked in a metaphase-like stage at which most chromosomes were aligned at the equatorial plate, while a few of them had not even migrated towards the metaphase plate. When added after the metaphase-anaphase transition, the first division occurred normally but the second division was inhibited with the same phenotype as described above. We previously showed that Cyn did not affect protein synthesis or H1 kinase activation or deactivation (Pesando et al., 1996, Aquat. Toxicol. 35, 139), but that it partially inhibited DNA synthesis. Our results establish that Cyn does not affect the microfilament-dependent processes of fertilization and cytokinesis and allows the beginning of mitosis, but prevents normal DNA replication and results in metaphase-like arrest of sea urchin embryos.[1]


  1. Caulerpenyne interferes with microtubule-dependent events during the first mitotic cycle of sea urchin eggs. Pesando, D., Huitorel, P., Dolcini, V., Amade, P., Girard, J.P. Eur. J. Cell Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities