The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Molecular analysis of AMPA-specific receptors: subunit composition, editing, and calcium influx determination in small amounts of tissue.

Glutamate activates three distinct classes of ionotropic receptors: AMPA, kainate and NMDA. AMPA receptors (AMPARs) are of particular importance as they mediate the majority of fast excitatory synaptic transmission and are implicated in a variety of neurological disorders [B. Bettler, C. Mulle, AMPA and kainate receptors, Neuropharmacology 34 (1995) 123-139]. Functional AMPARs are believed to be a heteromer comprising a combination of four closely related subunits, GluRs1-4 [B. Bettler, C. Mulle, AMPA and kainate receptors, Neuropharmacology 34 (1995) 123-139]. Diversity of AMPARs is obtained through multiple combinations of AMPAR subunits, by alternative splicing of subunits at the flip/flop and/or C-terminal sites, and by mRNA editing of a single amino acid at multiple sites [M. Hollmann, M. Hartley, S. Heinemann, Ca2+ permeability of KA-AMPA-gated glutamate receptor channel depends on subunit composition, Science 252 (1991) 851-853; B. Sommer, K. Keinanen, T.A. Verdoorn, W. Wisden, N. Burhashev, A. Herb, M. Kohler, T. Takagi, B. Sakmann, P.H. Seeburg, Flip and flop: a cell-specific functional switch in glutamate-operated channels in the CNS, Science 249 (1990) 1580-1585; B. Sommer, M. Kohler, R. Sprengel, P.H. Seeburg, RNA editing in brain controls a determinant of ion flow in glutamate-gated channels, Cell 67 (1991)]. The subunit combination, editing status, and splice variant expression have profound effects on channel kinetics and can serve as predictors of the channel's properties [M. Hollmann, M. Hartley, S. Heinemann, Ca2+ permeability of KA-AMPA-gated glutamate receptor channel depends on subunit composition, Science 252 (1991) 851-853; B. Sommer, K. Keinanen, T.A. Verdoorn, W. Wisden, N. Burhashev, A. Herb, M. Kohler, T. Takagi, B. Sakmann, P.H. Seeburg, Flip and flop: a cell-specific functional switch in glutamate-operated channels in the CNS, Science 249 (1990) 1580-1585; B. Sommer, M. Kohler, R. Sprengel, P.H. Seeburg, RNA editing in brain controls a determinant of ion flow in glutamate-gated channels, Cell 67 (1991)]. In this manuscript, we detail procedures for profiling AMPAR composition, namely: relative subunit ratios, expression of flip/flop isoforms, Q/R and R/G editing status, and Ca2+ permeability using small amounts of cDNA from identified cell populations.[1]

References

  1. Molecular analysis of AMPA-specific receptors: subunit composition, editing, and calcium influx determination in small amounts of tissue. Lee, J.C., Greig, A., Ravindranathan, A., Parks, T.N., Rao, M.S. Brain Res. Brain Res. Protoc. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities