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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Cytotoxic effects and induction of cytochromes P450 1A1/2 by insecticides, in hepatic or epidermal cells: binding capability to the Ah receptor.

Insecticides deserve particular attention since the general population is potentially exposed to such chemicals through many routes. We therefore tested the comparative acute and chronic toxicity of chemicals belonging to the major insecticides families (DDT, malathion and tetrachlorvinphos, carbaryl, cypermethrin, diflubenzuron), in hepatocytes, HepG2 and HaCaT cell lines. Two kinds of end-points were used: cytotoxicity parameters and CYP1A1 induction. Except for cypermethrin and diflubenzuron, all these chemicals exerted a cytotoxic effect in hepatocytes and HaCaT, but not in HepG2 cells. However, the induction of the EROD activity appeared more sensitive since a response was detected at lower concentrations. Significant differences were observed between the cell types and the insecticides. Furthermore, these chemicals were unable to displace [3H]TCDD from its binding sites, suggesting that they would not be a ligand of the Ah receptor. The experimental approach used herein may be a good means for predicting the acute and chronic toxicity of pesticides.[1]

References

  1. Cytotoxic effects and induction of cytochromes P450 1A1/2 by insecticides, in hepatic or epidermal cells: binding capability to the Ah receptor. Delescluse, C., Ledirac, N., de Sousa, G., Pralavorio, M., Lesca, P., Rahmani, R. Toxicol. Lett. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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