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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isoaspartate in chrondroitin sulfate proteoglycans of mammalian brain.

Mammalian brain contains a high mass protein (HMAP) that is unusually rich in atypical L-isoaspartyl (isoAsp) linkages. HMAP has now been purified from bovine brain by anion exchange, hydroxylapatite, and size exclusion chromatography. It is self-aggregating, acidic, and soluble in 5% trichloroacetic acid. Treatment with chondroitinase ABC eliminates the self-aggregation of HMAP and generates several distinct core proteins with estimated masses of 350-450 (doublet), 180, and 100 kDa, indicating that it is composed mainly of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs). Most of the isoAsp resides in the 350-450-kDa core protein, which was identified by immunoblotting as phosphacan, a CSPG abundant in adult brain. The regional distribution and developmental profile of HMAP in rat brain support this identification. The 180-kDa core protein contains a tenascin-R-related molecule, consistent with recent observations that phosphacan forms a tight complex with tenascin-R. The average phosphacan molecule in adult brain contains at least seven isoAsp sites. Molecular heterogeneity due to isoAsp may explain some of the complex binding properties phosphacan exhibits with its natural ligands. Formation of isoAsp may be important in the roles that phosphacan and other CSPGs play in development of the nervous system.[1]


  1. Isoaspartate in chrondroitin sulfate proteoglycans of mammalian brain. David, C.L., Orpiszewski, J., Zhu, X.C., Reissner, K.J., Aswad, D.W. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
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