The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Steroid-inhibition of [3H]gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) binding in thalamic relay nuclei increases during absence seizures.

gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), a naturally occurring analog of GABA, induces absence-like seizures in rats. We characterized the interaction of 3alpha-hydroxy steroids, alphaxalone and tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (which are potent modulators of GABAA receptors) with GHB binding sites in rat brain cortical membranes. The steroids inhibited [3H]GHB binding in a dose-dependent fashion (IC50 approximately 1 microM). Neither bicuculline nor GABA altered the dose-response of steroids in the [3H]GHB assay, suggesting that there was no GABAA component involved in the steroid-inhibition of [3H]GHB binding. Also, non 3alpha-hydroxy steroids were inactive in displacing [3H]GHB. Because GHB-induced absence seizures evolve most readily from layers I-IV of frontoparietal cortex and thalamic relay nuclei, we determined if the interaction of steroids with GHB binding sites in layers I-IV of frontoparietal cortex and thalamic relay nuclei was altered during GHB-induced absence seizures. We found that during GHB-seizures steroid-inhibition of [3H]GHB binding was increased selectively in thalamic relay nuclei but not in the layers I-IV of frontoparietal cortex or any other brain regions tested. This increase in steroid-inhibition of [3H]GHB binding in thalamus was apparent about 30 min after the onset of seizures, but not at the seizure-onset. As the seizures dissipated, the IC50 values for steroids rose to the pre-seizure level. These data suggest that the enhancement in steroid-inhibition of [3H]GHB binding in thalamic relay nuclei observed during GHB-seizures was caused by absence seizures.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities