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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activated Ras signals developmental progression of recombinase-activating gene (RAG)-deficient pro-B lymphocytes.

To elucidate the intracellular pathways that mediate early B cell development, we directed expression of activated Ras to the B cell lineage in the context of the recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG1)-deficient background (referred to as Ras-RAG). Similar to the effects of an immunoglobulin (Ig) mu heavy chain (HC) transgene, activated Ras caused progression of RAG1-deficient progenitor (pro)-B cells to cells that shared many characteristics with precursor (pre)-B cells, including downregulation of surface CD43 expression plus expression of lambda5, RAG2, and germline kappa locus transcripts. However, these Ras-RAG pre-B cells also upregulated surface markers characteristic of more mature B cell stages and populated peripheral lymphoid tissues, with an overall phenotype reminiscent of B lineage cells generated in a RAG- deficient background as a result of expression of an Ig mu HC together with a Bcl-2 transgene. Taken together, these findings suggest that activated Ras signaling in pro-B cells induces developmental progression by activating both differentiation and survival signals.[1]


  1. Activated Ras signals developmental progression of recombinase-activating gene (RAG)-deficient pro-B lymphocytes. Shaw, A.C., Swat, W., Ferrini, R., Davidson, L., Alt, F.W. J. Exp. Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
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