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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oligomeric structure and regulation of Candida albicans glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase.

Candida albicans glucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcN-6-P) synthase was purified to apparent homogeneity with 52% yield from recombinant yeast YRSC-65 cells efficiently overexpressing the GFA1 gene. The pure enzyme exhibited Km(Gln) = 1.56 mM and Km(Fru-6-P) = 1.41 mM and catalyzed GlcN-6-P formation with kcat = 1150 min-1. The isoelectric point of 4.6 +/- 0.05 was estimated from isoelectric chromatofocusing. Gel filtration, native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, subunit cross-linking, and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that the native enzyme was a homotetramer of 79.5-kDa subunits, with an apparent molecular mass of 330-340 kDa. Results of chemical modification of the enzyme by group-specific reagents established an essential role of a cysteinyl residue at the glutamine-binding site and histidyl, lysyl, arginyl, and tyrosyl moieties at the Fru-6-P-binding site. GlcN-6-P synthase in crude extract was effectively inhibited by UDP-GlcNAc (IC50 = 0.67 mM). Purification of the enzyme markedly decreased the sensitivity to the inhibitor, but this could be restored by addition of another effector, glucose 6-phosphate. Binding of UDP-GlcNAc to the pure enzyme in the presence of Glc-6-P showed strong negative cooperativity, with nH = 0.54, whereas in the absence of this sugar phosphate no cooperative effect was observed. Pure enzyme was a substrate for cAMP-dependent protein kinase, the action of which led to the substantial increase of GlcN-6-P synthase activity, correlated with an extent of protein phosphorylation. The maximal level of activity was observed for the enzyme molecules containing 1. 21 +/- 0.08 mol of phosphate/mol of GlcN-6-P synthase. Monitoring of GlcN-6-P synthase activity and its sensitivity to UDP-GlcNAc during yeast --> mycelia transformation of C. albicans cells, under in situ conditions, revealed a marked increase of the former and a substantial fall of the latter.[1]


  1. Oligomeric structure and regulation of Candida albicans glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase. Milewski, S., Kuszczak, D., Jedrzejczak, R., Smith, R.J., Brown, A.J., Gooday, G.W. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
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