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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tenascin-C inhibits beta1 integrin-dependent cell adhesion and neurite outgrowth on fibronectin by a disialoganglioside-mediated signaling mechanism.

We have previously shown that the extracellular matrix molecule tenascin-C inhibits fibronectin-mediated cell adhesion and neurite outgrowth by an interaction with a cellular RGD-independent receptor which interferes with the adhesion and neurite outgrowth promoting activities of the fibronectin receptor(s). Here we demonstrate that the inhibitory effect of tenascin-C on beta1integrin-dependent cell adhesion and neurite outgrowth is mediated by the interaction of the protein with membrane-associated disialogangliosides, which interferes with protein kinase C-related signaling pathways. First, in substratum mixtures with fibronectin, an RGD sequence-containing fragment of the molecule or synthetic peptide, tenascin-C inhibited cell adhesion and spreading by a disialoganglioside-dependent, sialidase-sensitive mechanism leading to an inhibition of protein kinase C. Second, the interaction of intact or trypsinized, i.e., cell surface glycoprotein-free, cells with immobilized tenascin-C was strongly inhibited by gangliosides or antibodies to gangliosides and tenascin-C. Third, preincubation of immobilized tenascin-C with soluble disialogangliosides resulted in a delayed cell detachment as a function of time. Similar to tenascin-C, immobilized antibody to GD2 (3F8) or sphingosine, a protein kinase C inhibitor, strongly inhibited RGD-dependent cell spreading. Finally, the degree of tenascin-C-induced inhibition of cell adhesion was proportional to the degree of disialoganglioside levels of expression by different cells suggesting the relevance of such mechanism in modulating integrin-mediated cell-matrix interactions during pattern formation or tumor progression.[1]


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