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Gene Review

Tbx15  -  T-box 15

Mus musculus

Synonyms: MmTBx8, T-box protein 14, T-box protein 15, T-box transcription factor TBX14, T-box transcription factor TBX15, ...
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High impact information on Tbx15

  • Tbx15 and Gli3 appear to have synergistic functions in formation of the scapular blade [1].
  • We have studied the impact of Tbx15, Gli3, Alx4 and related genes on formation of the skeletal elements of the mouse shoulder and pelvic girdles [1].
  • Genetics of shoulder girdle formation: roles of Tbx15 and aristaless-like genes [1].
  • These data suggest that Tbx15 plays an important role in the development of the skeleton of the limb, vertebral column and head by controlling the number of mesenchymal precursor cells and chondrocytes [2].
  • Here, we show that Tbx15, a member of this gene family, is expressed during limb development, first in the mesenchyme of the early limb bud, then during early endochondral bone development in prehypertrophic chondrocytes of cartilaginous templates [2].

Biological context of Tbx15

  • Construction of a targeted allele of Tbx15 confirmed that the de(H) phenotype was caused by Tbx15 loss of function [3].

Anatomical context of Tbx15

  • We identify a 216 kb deletion in de(H) that removes all but the first exon of the Tbx15 gene, whose embryonic expression in developing mesenchyme correlates with pigmentary and skeletal malformations observed in de(H)/de(H) animals [3].
  • Embryonic expression of Tbx15 in dorsolateral mesenchyme provides an instructional cue required to establish the future positional identity of dorsal dermis [3].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Tbx15

  • Transplantation experiments demonstrate that positional identity of the skin with regard to dorsoventral pigmentation differences is acquired by E12.5, which is shortly after early embryonic expression of Tbx15 [3].


  1. Genetics of shoulder girdle formation: roles of Tbx15 and aristaless-like genes. Kuijper, S., Beverdam, A., Kroon, C., Brouwer, A., Candille, S., Barsh, G., Meijlink, F. Development (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. The T-box transcription factor Tbx15 is required for skeletal development. Singh, M.K., Petry, M., Haenig, B., Lescher, B., Leitges, M., Kispert, A. Mech. Dev. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Dorsoventral patterning of the mouse coat by Tbx15. Candille, S.I., Van Raamsdonk, C.D., Chen, C., Kuijper, S., Chen-Tsai, Y., Russ, A., Meijlink, F., Barsh, G.S. PLoS Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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