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Gene Review

NCBP2  -  nuclear cap binding protein subunit 2, 20kDa

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: 20 kDa nuclear cap-binding protein, CBC2, CBP20, Cbc2, Cell proliferation-inducing gene 55 protein, ...
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High impact information on NCBP2

  • Evidence for a pioneer round of mRNA translation: mRNAs subject to nonsense-mediated decay in mammalian cells are bound by CBP80 and CBP20 [1].
  • Complex-loaded mRNA is thought to undergo a pioneer round of translation when still bound by cap-binding proteins CBP80 and CBP20 and poly(A)-binding protein 2 [2].
  • This binding mode differs significantly from that of the m7G-cap-binding proteins Cap-binding protein 20 (CBP20), eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) and viral protein 39 (VP39) [3].
  • Using immunoelectron microscopy, the in situ association of CBP20 with a specific pre-mRNP particle, the Balbiani ring particle, has been analyzed at different stages of pre-mRNA synthesis, maturation, and nucleo-cytoplasmic transport [4].
  • We demonstrate that CBP20 binds to the nascent pre-mRNA shortly after transcription initiation, stays in the RNP particles after splicing has been completed, and remains attached to the 5' domain during translocation of the RNP through the nuclear pore complex (NPC) [4].

Biological context of NCBP2

  • In mammalian cells, nonsense-mediated messenger RNA decay (NMD) targets newly synthesized nonsense-containing mRNA bound by the cap-binding-protein heterodimer CBP80-CBP20 and at least one exon-junction complex (EJC) [5].
  • Although intrinsic biological functions of most Avr gene products are still unknown, recent studies have shown that two Avr genes, nip1 and Ecp2, encode products that are important pathogenicity factors [6].

Anatomical context of NCBP2

  • The purified complex could rescue Met-tRNAiMet binding to 40S ribosomes in defective extracts from a prt1 mutant or extracts from which Nip1p had been depleted, indicating that it possesses a known biochemical activity of eIF3 [7].

Associations of NCBP2 with chemical compounds

  • Comparisons between these structures indicate that the cap induces substantial conformational changes within the N-terminal loop of CBP20, enabling Tyr 20 to join Tyr 43 in pi-pi stacking interactions with the methylated guanosine base [8].
  • The CBC represents a 20- and 80-kDa heterodimer (the subunits independently referred to as CBP20 and CBP80, respectively) that binds the 7-methylguanosine cap on RNAs transcribed by RNA polymerase II [9].
  • Replacement of Tyr138 by alanine in the CBP20 subunit of CBC reduces the cap affinity except for the mononucleotide analogs, consistent with the crystallographic observation of the second base stacking on this residue [10].
  • The interaction involving the CBP20 subunit of CBC is mediated by numerous hydrogen bonds and by stacking of the tyrosine sidechains with two first bases of the capped mRNA [11].

Physical interactions of NCBP2

  • CBP80 stabilizes the movement of the N-terminal loop of CBP20 and locks the CBC into a high affinity cap-binding state [8].

Other interactions of NCBP2

  • hnRNP F was identified in a screen for proteins that interact with human CBP80 and CBP20, the components of the nuclear cap-binding complex (CBC) [12].
  • In vertebrates, a nuclear cap-binding complex (CBC) formed by two cap- binding proteins, CBP20 and CBP80, is involved in several steps of RNA metabolism, including pre-mRNA splicing and nuclear export of some RNA polymerase II-transcribed U snRNAs [4].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of NCBP2


  1. Evidence for a pioneer round of mRNA translation: mRNAs subject to nonsense-mediated decay in mammalian cells are bound by CBP80 and CBP20. Ishigaki, Y., Li, X., Serin, G., Maquat, L.E. Cell (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay: splicing, translation and mRNP dynamics. Maquat, L.E. Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Structural basis for m3G-cap-mediated nuclear import of spliceosomal UsnRNPs by snurportin1. Strasser, A., Dickmanns, A., Lührmann, R., Ficner, R. EMBO J. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. A nuclear cap-binding complex binds Balbiani ring pre-mRNA cotranscriptionally and accompanies the ribonucleoprotein particle during nuclear export. Visa, N., Izaurralde, E., Ferreira, J., Daneholt, B., Mattaj, I.W. J. Cell Biol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. CBP80 promotes interaction of Upf1 with Upf2 during nonsense-mediated mRNA decay in mammalian cells. Hosoda, N., Kim, Y.K., Lejeune, F., Maquat, L.E. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Fungal avirulence genes: structure and possible functions. Laugé, R., De Wit, P.J. Fungal Genet. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Identification of a translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) core complex, conserved in yeast and mammals, that interacts with eIF5. Phan, L., Zhang, X., Asano, K., Anderson, J., Vornlocher, H.P., Greenberg, J.R., Qin, J., Hinnebusch, A.G. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  8. Structural basis of m7GpppG binding to the nuclear cap-binding protein complex. Calero, G., Wilson, K.F., Ly, T., Rios-Steiner, J.L., Clardy, J.C., Cerione, R.A. Nat. Struct. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. The nuclear cap-binding complex is a novel target of growth factor receptor-coupled signal transduction. Wilson, K.F., Fortes, P., Singh, U.S., Ohno, M., Mattaj, I.W., Cerione, R.A. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Specificity of recognition of mRNA 5' cap by human nuclear cap-binding complex. Worch, R., Niedzwiecka, A., Stepinski, J., Mazza, C., Jankowska-Anyszka, M., Darzynkiewicz, E., Cusack, S., Stolarski, R. RNA (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Novel way of capping mRNA trimer and studies of its interaction with human nuclear cap-binding complex. Worch, R., Stepinski, J., Niedzwiecka, A., Jankowska-Anyszka, M., Mazza, C., Cusack, S., Stolarski, R., Darzynkiewicz, E. Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Interaction between the human nuclear cap-binding protein complex and hnRNP F. Gamberi, C., Izaurralde, E., Beisel, C., Mattaj, I.W. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. Crystal structure of the human nuclear cap binding complex. Mazza, C., Ohno, M., Segref, A., Mattaj, I.W., Cusack, S. Mol. Cell (2001) [Pubmed]
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