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Gene Review

UPF3  -  Upf3p

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay protein 3, SUA6, SUP112, Up-frameshift suppressor 3, YGR072W
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Disease relevance of UPF3

  • When an NES element from HIV-1 Rev was inserted near the C terminus of a mutant Upf3p containing multiple mutations in NES-A, the cytoplasmic distribution typical of wild-type Upf3p was restored but the cells remained phenotypically Nmd-. These results suggest that NES-A is a functional nuclear export signal [1].

High impact information on UPF3

  • Upf1p is sufficient for targeting mRNAs to P-bodies, whereas Upf2p and Upf3p act, at least in part, downstream of P-body targeting to trigger decapping [2].
  • In yeast, the products of the UPF1 and UPF3 genes are required for this decay pathway, and in this report we focus on the identification and characterization of additional factors required for rapid decay of nonsense-containing mRNAs [3].
  • We report the identification and DNA sequence of UPF3, which is present in one nonessential copy on chromosome VII [4].
  • Epitope-tagged Upf3 (FLAG-Upf3) does not cofractionate with polyribosomes or 80S ribosomal particles [4].
  • Although localized primarily in the cytoplasm, Upf3p contains three sequence elements that resemble nuclear localization signals (NLSs) and two sequence elements that resemble nuclear export signals (NESs) [1].

Biological context of UPF3

  • To explain these results, we suggest that the mutations in NES-A that impair nuclear export cause additional defects in the function of Upf3p that are not rectified by restoration of export alone [5].
  • We also found that overexpression of Upf2p suppresses the Nmd(-) phenotype in mutant strains carrying nes-A alleles but has no effect on the localization of Upf3p [5].
  • Double disruptions of UPF1 and UPF3 affect nonsense mRNA decay in a manner indistinguishable from single disruptions [4].
  • We further obtained evidence that the UPF1, UPF2 and UPF3 loci of the strains carrying sup113, sup111 and sup112, respectively, had point mutations [6].
  • In telomerase-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells lacking components of the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) pathway (Upf1,Upf2, or Upf3 proteins), senescence is delayed, with crisis occurring approximately 10 to 25 population doublings later than in Upf+ cells [7].

Associations of UPF3 with chemical compounds


Physical interactions of UPF3

  • Upf3p physically interacts with Srp1p (importin-alpha) [5].

Other interactions of UPF3

  • Upf1p, Nmd2p, and Upf3p regulate the decapping and exonucleolytic degradation of both nonsense-containing mRNAs and wild-type mRNAs [8].


  1. A factor required for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay in yeast is exported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm by a nuclear export signal sequence. Shirley, R.L., Lelivelt, M.J., Schenkman, L.R., Dahlseid, J.N., Culbertson, M.R. J. Cell. Sci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  2. Targeting of aberrant mRNAs to cytoplasmic processing bodies. Sheth, U., Parker, R. Cell (2006) [Pubmed]
  3. Identification and characterization of genes that are required for the accelerated degradation of mRNAs containing a premature translational termination codon. Cui, Y., Hagan, K.W., Zhang, S., Peltz, S.W. Genes Dev. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Identification of an additional gene required for eukaryotic nonsense mRNA turnover. Lee, B.S., Culbertson, M.R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) [Pubmed]
  5. Nuclear import of Upf3p is mediated by importin-alpha/-beta and export to the cytoplasm is required for a functional nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway in yeast. Shirley, R.L., Ford, A.S., Richards, M.R., Albertini, M., Culbertson, M.R. Genetics (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. Suppression of termination mutations caused by defects of the NMD machinery in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Ono, B., Yoshida, R., Kamiya, K., Sugimoto, T. Genes Genet. Syst. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Telomere cap components influence the rate of senescence in telomerase-deficient yeast cells. Enomoto, S., Glowczewski, L., Lew-Smith, J., Berman, J.G. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Upf1p, Nmd2p, and Upf3p regulate the decapping and exonucleolytic degradation of both nonsense-containing mRNAs and wild-type mRNAs. He, F., Jacobson, A. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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