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Gene Review

GYP1  -  Gyp1p

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: GAP for YPT1, GTPase-activating protein GYP1, YOR070C, YOR29-21
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High impact information on GYP1

  • We present the 1.9 A resolution crystal structure of the catalytic domain of Gyp1p, a specific GTPase activating protein (GAP) for Ypt proteins, the yeast homologues of Rab proteins, which are involved in vesicular transport [1].
  • The conserved and catalytically crucial arginine residue, identified by mutational analysis, is in a comparable position to the arginine finger in the Ras- and Cdc42-GAPs, suggesting that Gyp1p utilizes an arginine finger in the GAP reaction, in analogy to Ras- and Cdc42-GAPs [1].
  • The K(m) values for the Gyp1p and Gyp7p active fragments (143 and 42 microM, respectively) indicate that the affinities of those GAPs for their substrates are very low [2].
  • Interestingly, the deletions of GYP1 and YPT6 were synthetic lethal, raising the possibility that at least two distinct pathways are involved in recycling of membrane material [3].
  • Interestingly, recycling of GFP-Snc1p in gyp1 Delta cells is partially restored by reducing the activity of Ypt1p [3].

Biological context of GYP1

  • We have named the gene containing this open reading frame GYP1 [4].
  • Like GYP6 and GYP1, GYP7 is not essential for yeast cell viability [5].
  • The catalytically active fragments of Gyp1p and Gyp7p were more active than the full-length proteins and accelerated the intrinsic GTP hydrolysis rates of their preferred substrates by factors of 4.5 x 10(4) and 7.8 x 10(5), respectively [2].

Anatomical context of GYP1


Other interactions of GYP1

  • Comparison of its primary sequence with that of the three other known GAPs for transport GTPases, the yeast Gyp6 and Gyp1 proteins and the Rab3A-GAP from rat brain, shows similarity between the yeast GAPs only [5].
  • However, overexpression of Gyp1p was inhibitory in combination with a subset of secretory mutants including sec4-8 and several ypt1 mutants [4].
  • Recombinant Gyp1p showed GAP activity on Sec4p, increasing both its steady-state rate and single turnover GTPase activity [4].
  • One of them, Gyp1p, acts on Sec4p, Ypt1p, Ypt7p, and Ypt51p in vitro [6].
  • Here we describe a new member of a family of Ypt/Rab-specific GAPs, Msb4p/Gyp4p, that shares with other Gyp family members significant homology in the catalytic domain, recently identified in Gyp1p and Gyp7p [7].


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