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Gene Review

ECs4664  -  phosphate ABC transporter substrate...

Escherichia coli O157:H7 str. Sakai

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Disease relevance of ECs4664

  • The amino acid sequence exhibited 30% homology to a phosphate-binding protein, PstS, from Escherichia coli [1].
  • Expression of PstS in Synechococcus sp. strain WH7803 was observed when the P1 concentration fell below 50 nM, demonstrating that the protein is induced at concentrations of P1 typical of oligotrophic conditions [2].
  • We show that antibodies raised against PstS cross-react with P-depleted Prochlorococcus cells, extending the use of these antibodies to both major groups of prokaryotic photosynthetic picoplankton [2].
  • A gene encoding a protein homologous to the periplasmic ABC phosphate binding receptor PstS from Escherichia coli was cloned and sequenced from a lambda gt11 library of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by screening with monoclonal antibody 2A1-2 [3].
  • The deduced amino acid sequence of the protein had a sequence similarity of 66.2% to that of PstS from Sinorhizobium meliloti [4].

High impact information on ECs4664

  • Its degree of similarity to the E. coli PstS is comparable to those of the previously described M. tuberculosis phosphate binding protein pab (Ag78, Ag5, or 38-kDa protein) and another M. tuberculosis protein which we identified recently [3].

Anatomical context of ECs4664


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of ECs4664

  • In addition, we have developed an immunofluorescence assay that can detect PstS expression in single Synechococcus cells both in laboratory cultures and natural samples [2].
  • PstS expression could be specifically detected by use of standard Western blotting (immunoblotting) techniques in natural mesocosm samples under conditions in which the N/P ratio was artificially manipulated to force P depletion [2].


  1. Structure and mapping of antigenic domains of protein antigen b, a 38,000-molecular-weight protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Andersen, A.B., Hansen, E.B. Infect. Immun. (1989) [Pubmed]
  2. An immunological approach to detect phosphate stress in populations and single cells of photosynthetic picoplankton. Scanlan, D.J., Silman, N.J., Donald, K.M., Wilson, W.H., Carr, N.G., Joint, I., Mann, N.H. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  3. Three different putative phosphate transport receptors are encoded by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome and are present at the surface of Mycobacterium bovis BCG. Lefèvre, P., Braibant, M., de Wit, L., Kalai, M., Röeper, D., Grötzinger, J., Delville, J.P., Peirs, P., Ooms, J., Huygen, K., Content, J. J. Bacteriol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. An abundant periplasmic protein of the denitrifying phototroph Rhodobacter sphaeroides f. sp. denitrificans is PstS, a component of an ABC phosphate transport system. Matsuzaki, M., Abe, M., Hara, S., Iwasaki, Y., Yamamoto, I., Satoh, T. Plant Cell Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Engineering of Escherichia coli to improve the purification of periplasmic Fab' fragments: changing the pI of the chromosomally encoded PhoS/PstS protein. Humphreys, D.P., Heywood, S.P., King, L.M., Bowering, L.C., Turner, J.P., Lane, S.E. Protein Expr. Purif. (2004) [Pubmed]
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