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MeSH Review

Salivary Gland Calculi

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High impact information on Salivary Gland Calculi

  • A micro-focus X-ray diffractometer was applied to a ground section of sialolith, and localization of brushite and whitlockite was found [1].
  • RESULTS: Eighteen sialoliths exhibited similar macro and microstructure, being constituted by hydroxyapatite (HAP) and organic matter, normally arranged in a multilayer structure [2].
  • METHODS: The composition and structure of 21 sialoliths were studied and the composition of the saliva of each corresponding patient was determined (pH, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, citrate and phytate) [2].
  • Stone location was distal to the edge of the mylohyoid muscle in 115 patients and proximal to the gland in 102 patients (mean size of sialoliths, 6.3 mm [range, 2-30 mm]) [3].
  • All of the sialoliths localized in the ducts in the submandibular gland consisted of hydroxylapatite [4].

Chemical compound and disease context of Salivary Gland Calculi


  1. Mode of occurrence of brushite and whitlockite in a sialolith. Sakae, T., Yamamoto, H., Hirai, G. J. Dent. Res. (1981) [Pubmed]
  2. Sialolithiasis: mechanism of calculi formation and etiologic factors. Grases, F., Santiago, C., Simonet, B.M., Costa-Bauzá, A. Clin. Chim. Acta (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Transoral removal of submandibular stones. Zenk, J., Constantinidis, J., Al-Kadah, B., Iro, H. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Sialolith crystals localized intraglandularly and in the Wharton's duct of the human submandibular gland: an X-ray diffraction analysis. Teymoortash, A., Buck, P., Jepsen, H., Werner, J.A. Arch. Oral Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Sialolithiasis in children: report of four cases. Shinohara, Y., Hiromatsu, T., Nagata, Y., Uchida, A., Nakashima, T., Kikuta, T. Dento maxillo facial radiology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  6. Phospholipids associated with human parotid gland sialoliths. Boskey, A.L., Burstein, L.S., Mandel, I.D. Arch. Oral Biol. (1983) [Pubmed]
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