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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential regulation of the expression of nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and neurotrophin-3 after excitotoxicity in a rat model of Huntington's disease.

In the present study we have evaluated changes in nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) mRNA expression induced by different glutamate receptor agonists injected into the neostriatum. Up-regulation of NGF expression was observed at 24 h after intrastriatal quinolinate injection, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist, and this increase was maintained up to 7 days after lesion. NGF up-regulation was also apparent in alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) treatment from 6 to 16 h postinjection. Instead, BDNF was up-regulated only at 6 h after kainate or AMPA excitotoxicity. Interestingly, NT-3 mRNA was down-regulated from 10 to 16 h following AMPA lesion, while 1S,3R-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid injection enhanced NT-3 mRNA levels at 10 h. Our results show a specific neurotrophin response induced by stimulation of each glutamate receptor. These activity-dependent changes might be involved in neuronal plasticity processes and may underlie the differential vulnerability of striatal neurons observed in neurodegenerative disorders.[1]


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