The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reciprocal effects of interleukin-4 and interferon-gamma on immunoglobulin E-mediated mast cell degranulation: a role for nitric oxide but not peroxynitrite or cyclic guanosine monophosphate.

We report that cultured rat peritoneal cells spontaneously synthesize nitric oxide and this is associated with active suppression of mast cell secretory function. Addition of interleukin-4 (IL-4) or the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N-monomethyl-l-arginine to peritoneal cells inhibited nitric oxide synthesis and enhanced anti-IgE-mediated mast cell degranulation, measured as serotonin release. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) completely overcame the enhancement of serotonin release and suppression of nitrite production induced by IL-4. Over several experiments, with or without IL-4 and/or IFN-gamma, serotonin release correlated inversely with nitrite production. On a cell-for-cell basis, non-mast cells produced approximately 30 times more nitrite than mast cells in peritoneal cell populations, with or without IFN-gamma stimulation. The nitric oxide donor S-nitrosoglutathione inhibited anti-IgE-induced serotonin release from purified mast cells, whereas 8-bromo-cyclic GMP, the guanylate cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, superoxide dismutase and the peroxynitrite scavenger uric acid, were without effect. We conclude that IL-4 and IFN-gamma reciprocally regulate mast cell secretory responsiveness via control of nitric oxide synthesis by accessory cells; the nitric oxide effect on mast cells is direct but does not involve cyclic GMP or peroxynitrite.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities