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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel function for transforming growth factor-beta1: upregulation of the expression and the IgE-independent extracellular release of a mucosal mast cell granule-specific beta-chymase, mouse mast cell protease-1.

Intestinal mucosal mast cells (IMMC) express granule neutral proteases that are regulated by T-cell-derived cytokines, including interleukin-3 (IL-3) and IL-9, and by stem cell factor (SCF). The IMMC-specific chymase, mouse mast cell protease-1 (mMCP-1), is released in substantial quantities into the blood stream during gastrointestinal allergic responses. We used cultured bone marrow-derived mast cells (mBMMC) to identify cytokines that regulate the expression and extracellular release of mMCP-1. When grown in IL-3-rich WEHI (15% vol/vol) and 50 ng/mL recombinant rat SCF (rrSCF) bone marrow cells supplemented with IL-9 (5 ng/mL) differentiated into mBMMC that expressed a maximum of less than 250 ng mMCP-1/10(6) cells and 189 ng mMCP-1/mL of culture supernatant. Supplementation of the same three cytokines with transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1; 1 ng/mL) resulted in substantially enhanced expression (6 micrograms/10(6) mBMMC) and extracellular release (2 micrograms/mL of culture supernatant) of mMCP-1. The response to TGF-beta1 was dose-dependent, with maximal effect at 1 ng/mL, and was associated with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural changes in the secretory granules. IL-9- induced expression of mMCP-1 may be due to endogenously expressed TGF-beta1, because it was blocked by anti-TGF-beta antibodies. In conclusion, the expression and extracellular release of the IMMC-specific chymase, mMCP-1, is strictly regulated by TGF-beta1.[1]


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