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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA copy number changes in thyroid carcinoma.

The genetic changes leading to thyroid cancer are poorly characterized. We studied DNA copy number changes by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in 69 primary thyroid carcinomas. In papillary carcinoma, DNA copy number changes were rare (3 of 26, 12%). The changes were all gains, and they were associated with old age (P = 0.01) and the presence of cervical lymph node metastases at presentation (P = 0.08). DNA copy number changes were much more frequent in follicular carcinoma (16 of 20, 80%) than in papillary carcinoma (P < 0.0001), and follicular carcinomas had more often deletions (13/20 versus 0/26, P < 0.0001). Loss of chromosome 22 was common in follicular carcinoma (n = 7, 35%), it was more often seen in widely invasive than in minimally invasive follicular carcinoma (54% versus 0%, P = 0.04), and it was associated with old age at presentation (P = 0.01). In three of the four patients with follicular carcinoma who died of cancer, the tumor had loss of chromosome 22. DNA copy number changes were found in 5 (50%) of the 10 medullary carcinomas studied. Four of these five carcinomas had deletions, and in two of them there was deletion of chromosome 22. Eleven (85%) of the thirteen anaplastic carcinomas investigated had DNA copy number changes, of which five had deletions, and one had deletion of chromosome 22. The most common gains in anaplastic carcinoma were in chromosomes 7p ( p22-pter, 31%), 8q (q22-qter, 23%), and 9q (q34-qter, 23%). We conclude that DNA copy number changes are frequent in follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma but rare in papillary carcinoma when studied by CGH. Loss of chromosome 22 is particularly common in follicular carcinoma, and it is associated with the widely invasive type.[1]


  1. DNA copy number changes in thyroid carcinoma. Hemmer, S., Wasenius, V.M., Knuutila, S., Franssila, K., Joensuu, H. Am. J. Pathol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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