The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Monoclonal antibody to human midkine reveals increased midkine expression in human brain tumors.

We produced a rat IgG2a monoclonal antibody against the carboxyl terminal region of human midkine ( MK), a novel growth factor. This monoclonal antibody was used in immunohistochemical studies to compare the expression of MK, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and p53 protein in 133 primary brain tumors and 21 carcinoma metastases to the central nervous system. Approximately half of the glioblastomas multiforme (GBMs) (19/32), medulloblastomas (8/14), primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) (5/11), breast carcinoma metastases (Br-Mts) (6/10) and lung carcinoma metastases (L-Mts) (5/11) as well as some astrocytomas (2/14) had tumor cells that expressed MK; however, oligodendrogliomas, ependymomas, schwannomas, meningiomas, and pituitary adenomas did not express MK. The values of the PCNA-labeling index were statistically higher in GBMs, medulloblastomas, PNETs, Br-Mts, and L-Mts that expressed MK than in those that did not (Wilcoxon rank-sum test, p < 0.05). There was no correlation between MK and p53 protein in all tumor types. Normal and non-neoplastic brain tissues were negative for MK, PCNA, and p53 protein. We conclude that primary and metastatic tumors of the brain express MK and that the MK expression in brain tumors may depend, in part, on the proliferating potential.[1]


  1. Monoclonal antibody to human midkine reveals increased midkine expression in human brain tumors. Kato, S., Ishihara, K., Shinozawa, T., Yamaguchi, H., Asano, Y., Saito, M., Kato, M., Terada, T., Awaya, A., Hirano, A., Dickson, D.W., Yen, S.H., Ohama, E. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities