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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparison of immunologic and physiologic effects of CO2 pneumoperitoneum at room and body temperatures.

BACKGROUND: Prolonged and complex laparoscopic procedures expose patients to large volumes of cool insufflation gas. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a conventional room temperature carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum with those of a body temperature pneumoperitoneum. METHODS: Patients were randomized to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a CO2 pneumoperitoneum warmed to either body temperature (n = 15) or room temperature (n = 15). The physiologic and immunologic effects of warming the gas were examined by measuring peroperative core and intraperitoneal temperatures, peritoneal fluid cytokine concentrations, and postoperative pain. RESULTS: The mean duration of surgery was 32 min in both groups. Core temperature was reduced in the room temperature group (mean, 0.42 degrees C; p < 0.05). No reduction in temperature occurred when the gas was warmed. Greater levels of cytokines were detected in peritoneal fluid from the room temperature insufflation group tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha): mean, 10.9 pg/ml vs. 0.42, p < 0.05; interleukin 1 beta (IL-1beta): mean, 44.8 pg/ml vs. 15.5, p < 0.05; and IL-6: mean, 60.4 ng/ml vs. 47. 2. There was no difference in postoperative pain scores or analgesia consumption between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The authors conclude that intraoperative cooling can be prevented by warming the insufflation gas, even in short laparoscopic procedures. In addition, warming the insufflation gas leads to a reduced postoperative intraperitoneal cytokine response.[1]


  1. Comparison of immunologic and physiologic effects of CO2 pneumoperitoneum at room and body temperatures. Puttick, M.I., Scott-Coombes, D.M., Dye, J., Nduka, C.C., Menzies-Gow, N.M., Mansfield, A.O., Darzi, A. Surgical endoscopy. (1999) [Pubmed]
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