The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Matrix vesicle plasma cell membrane glycoprotein-1 regulates mineralization by murine osteoblastic MC3T3 cells.

A naturally occurring nonsense truncation mutation of the inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi)-generating nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase (NTPPPH) PC-1 is associated with spinal and periarticular ligament hyperostosis and cartilage calcification in "tiptoe walking" (ttw) mice. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that PC-1 acts directly in the extracellular matrix to restrain mineralization. Cultured osteoblastic MC3T3 cells expressed PC-1 mRNA and produced hydroxyapatite deposits at 12-14 days. NTPPPH activity increased steadily over 14 days. Transforming growth factor-beta and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 increased PC-1 and NTPPPH in matrix vesicles (MVs). Because PC-1/NTPPPH was regulated in mineralizing MC3T3 cells, we stably transfected or infected cells with recombinant adenovirus, in order to express 2- to 6-fold more PC-1. PC-1/NTPPPH and PPi content increased severalfold in MVs derived from cells transfected with PC-1. Furthermore, MC3T3 cells transfected with PC-1 deposited approximately 80-90% less hydroxyapatite (by weight) than cells transfected with empty plasmid or enzymatically inactive PC-1. ATP-dependent 45Ca precipitation by MVs from cells overexpressing active PC-1 was comparably diminished. Thus, regulation of PC-1 controls the PPi content and function of osteoblast-derived MVs and matrix hydroxyapatite deposition. PC-1 may provide a novel therapeutic target in certain disorders of bone mineralization.[1]


  1. Matrix vesicle plasma cell membrane glycoprotein-1 regulates mineralization by murine osteoblastic MC3T3 cells. Johnson, K., Moffa, A., Chen, Y., Pritzker, K., Goding, J., Terkeltaub, R. J. Bone Miner. Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities