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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 accelerates atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.

The pro-inflammatory chemokine, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), plays a fundamental role in monocyte recruitment and has been implicated as a contributing factor to atherosclerosis. The predominant cell types within the vessel wall--endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and macrophages--all contribute to overexpression of MCP-1 in atherosclerotic tissue. In this report we assess the role of MCP-1 expression by leukocytes on lesion progression in a murine model susceptible to atherosclerosis. Bone marrow cells from mice overexpressing a murine MCP-1 transgene on a background of apoE-deficiency or from control mice were transplanted into irradiated apoE-knockout mice. After repopulation of apoE-knockout mice with bone marrow containing the MCP-1 transgene, macrophages expressing the MCP-1 transgene were found in several tissues, including the aorta. Qualitative assessment of atherosclerosis in these mice revealed increased lipid staining, a 3-fold (P<0.001) increase in the amount of oxidized lipid, and increased immunostaining for macrophage cell surface markers with anti-F4/80 and anti-CD11b antibodies. There were no differences in plasma lipids, plasma lipoprotein profiles, or body weight between the 2 groups. These results provide the first direct evidence that MCP-1 expression by leukocytes, predominately macrophages, increases the progression of atherosclerosis by increasing both macrophage numbers and oxidized lipid accumulation.[1]

References

  1. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 accelerates atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Aiello, R.J., Bourassa, P.A., Lindsey, S., Weng, W., Natoli, E., Rollins, B.J., Milos, P.M. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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