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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Radiosensitive and mitotic recombination phenotypes of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae dun1 mutant defective in DNA damage-inducible gene expression.

The biological significance of DNA damage-induced gene expression in conferring resistance to DNA-damaging agents is unclear. We investigated the role of DUN1-mediated, DNA damage-inducible gene expression in conferring radiation resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The DUN1 gene was assigned to the RAD3 epistasis group by quantitating the radiation sensitivities of dun1, rad52, rad1, rad9, rad18 single and double mutants, and of the dun1 rad9 rad52 triple mutant. The dun1 and rad52 single mutants were similar in terms of UV sensitivities; however, the dun1 rad52 double mutant exhibited a synergistic decrease in UV resistance. Both spontaneous intrachromosomal and heteroallelic gene conversion events between two ade2 alleles were enhanced in dun1 mutants, compared to DUN1 strains, and elevated recombination was dependent on RAD52 but not RAD1 gene function. Spontaneous sister chromatid exchange (SCE), as monitored between truncated his3 fragments, was not enhanced in dun1 mutants, but UV-induced SCE and heteroallelic recombination were enhanced. Ionizing radiation and methyl methanesulfonate (MMS)-induced DNA damage did not exhibit greater recombinogenicity in the dun1 mutant compared to the DUN1 strain. We suggest that one function of DUN1-mediated DNA damage-induced gene expression is to channel the repair of UV damage into a nonrecombinogenic repair pathway.[1]


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