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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinin and histamine stimulate Cl- secretion in gerbil middle ear epithelium: connection to otitis media.

The effects of bradykinin (BK) and histamine on transepithelial ion transport in primary cultures of gerbil middle ear epithelium were investigated. Lysyl-bradykinin (lys-BK) elicited a transient increase in short-circuit current (I(sc)) when added to apical or basolateral surfaces. Lys-BK had a larger effect than BK or des-arg9-BK on both epithelial surfaces. Histamine induced a transient increase in I(sc) only when added to the basolateral surface. Mepyramine, an H1 histamine antagonist, greatly reduced the histamine-induced I(sc). The H2 and H3 histamine antagonists were both ineffective for inhibiting the I(sc) responses to histamine. Diphenylamine-2-carboxylate or 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid, Cl- channel blockers, significantly blocked the I(sc) responses to lys-BK or histamine. The Ca2+-mobilizing action of lys-BK and histamine was also investigated in single middle ear epithelial cells. BK and histamine induced an increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. 1,2-Bis-(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid-acetoxymethyl ester, a calcium chelator, greatly reduced the increase in the I(sc) responses to lys-BK or histamine. These data indicate that BK and histamine activate intracellular Ca2+-dependent mechanisms, leading to apical Cl- secretion in the cultured gerbil middle ear epithelium via B2 BK receptors and H1 histamine receptors.[1]


  1. Kinin and histamine stimulate Cl- secretion in gerbil middle ear epithelium: connection to otitis media. Furukawa, M., Suzuki, H., Ikeda, K., Oshima, T., Yamaya, M., Sasaki, H., Takasaka, T. Hear. Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
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