The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Proparathyroid hormone processing by the proprotein convertase-7: comparison with furin and assessment of modulation of parathyroid convertase messenger ribonucleic acid levels by calcium and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.

We previously showed that the processing of proparathyroid hormone (proPTH) to PTH was accomplished most efficiently by furin (17). Colocalization studies demonstrated that furin is expressed in the parathyroid, whereas proprotein convertase (PC)1 and PC2 are not. Since that time, another member of the PC family, called PC7, has been identified. Here we show, using coinfection studies, that PC7, as well as furin, can appropriately cleave PTH from proPTH. ProPTH and PTH were purified from cell extracts by reversed-phase HPLC and were identified by Western blot analysis and delayed extraction matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Colocalization studies, using Northern blot and reverse transcriptase-PCR analyses, showed that PC7 messenger RNA (mRNA) is expressed in the parathyroid gland. Therefore, PC7, like furin, has the potential to be involved in the physiological processing of proPTH to PTH. The two major regulators of parathyroid cell synthetic and secretory activity are the extracellular fluid calcium and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] levels. We investigated whether either of these agents might modulate processing of proPTH to PTH by altering parathyroid convertase gene expression. In both in vitro and in vivo systems in which regulation of PTH mRNA levels were clearly apparent, there was no effect of either calcium or 1,25(OH)2D3 on parathyroid furin or PC7 mRNA levels. This is in contrast to the processing of proinsulin to insulin in the pancreatic beta-cell, which is up-regulated by glucose stimulation of PC1 and PC2 synthesis.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities