The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutation of Tyr307 and Leu309 in the protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit favors association with the alpha 4 subunit which promotes dephosphorylation of elongation factor-2.

The cellular location and substrate specificity of the catalytic subunit (C) of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) depend on its interaction with A and B subunits. The distribution of epitope-tagged wild-type or mutated C subunits was studied by transient expression in COS-7 cells. Wild-type tagged C expressed at low levels formed ABC trimer and AC dimer like the endogenous C. Single mutations of C at the site of phosphorylation (Y307F) or carboxymethylation (L309Q) resulted in recovery of only AC dimer. Double mutation of both residues resulted in association of C with alpha 4 protein (alpha 4), a novel subunit of PP2A, instead of with A and B subunits. Thus, the distribution of C between ABC trimer, AC dimer, and alpha 4C complexes can be affected by modifications of the C-terminal residues. The alpha 4 protein is a homologue of the yeast Tap42 protein that functions downstream of the TOR protein to regulate protein synthesis. Transient overexpression of FLAG-alpha 4 resulted in increased dephosphorylation of elongation factor 2, but had no effect on phosphorylation of either p70S6 kinase or PHAS-I (eIF4E-BP). Signals that affect phosphorylation or methylation of the C subunit of PP2A may promote subunit exchange and direct phosphatase activity to specific intracellular substrates.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities