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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of selective induction and alteration of xenobiotic biotransforming enzymes by vanadium during diethylnitrosamine-induced chemical rat liver carcinogenesis.

Our recent studies have shown that vanadium, a dietary micronutrient, has an inhibitory response against experimentally induced rat liver carcinogenesis. In the present study, the effect of vanadium on hepatic xenobiotic biotransformation in rats exposed to diethylnitrosamine (DENA, 200 mg/kg, IP) was investigated to elucidate a possible mechanism of vanadium-mediated prevention of chemical carcinogenesis. Supplementary vanadium in drinking water at 0.5 parts per million (ppm) was employed ad lib before and after the intiation with DENA, before the initiation only, or during the promotional event. After 20 weeks, there was a significant reduction of hepatocyte nodules (HNs) (P<0.01), nodule multiplicity (P<0.001), and the number of nodules more than 3 mm in size in the long-term vanadium-supplemented rats than their DENA control counterparts. Total cytochrome P450 and b5 contents as well as cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1, EC 1.5.99), aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH, EC, and UDP-glucuronyl transferase (UDPGT, EC activities in the microsomal fractions of HNs and nonnodular surrounding parenchyma (NNSP) were found to be significantly decreased in DENA control group compared to untreated normal control. Though supplementary vanadium had little or no influence on the contents of cytochrome P450 and b5 and activities of CYP2E1 and AHH in HNs and NNSP, it substantially elevated the UDPGT activity in both HNs and NNSP liver areas. DENA treatment alone also brought about a sharp decrease in cytosolic UDP-glucose dehydrogenase (EC, DT-diaphorase (EC, and glutathione S-transferase (EC activities in HNs and NNSP compared to normal liver. Supplementary vanadium was found to exert a marked induction in these cytosolic enzymes in HNs as well as NNSP when compared to DENA control. A positive correlation of phase I and phase II drug metabolizing enzymes in HNs or NNSP was always observed in DENA or DENA plus long-term vanadium-treated group. It is concluded that the chemoprotective effect of vanadium may be attributed to the substantial elevation of phase II conjugating enzymes, which may lead to a move and shift of the metabolic profile that may reduce the intracellular concentration of carcinogen-derived reactive intermediates.[1]


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