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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (ARF6) defines two insulin-regulated secretory pathways in adipocytes.

ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (ARF6) appears to play an essential role in the endocytic/recycling pathway in several cell types. To determine whether ARF6 is involved in insulin-regulated exocytosis, 3T3-L1 adipocytes were infected with recombinant adenovirus expressing wild-type ARF6 or an ARF6 dominant negative mutant (D125N) that encodes a protein with nucleotide specificity modified from guanine to xanthine. Overexpression of these ARF6 proteins affected neither basal nor insulin-regulated glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, nor did it affect the subcellular distribution of Glut1 or Glut4. In contrast, the secretion of adipsin, a serine protease specifically expressed in adipocytes, was increased by the expression of wild-type ARF6 and was inhibited by the expression of D125N. These results indicate a requirement for ARF6 in basal and insulin- regulated adipsin secretion but not in glucose transport. Our results suggest the existence of at least two distinct pathways that undergo insulin-stimulated exocytosis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, one for adipsin release and one for glucose transporter translocation.[1]


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