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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prevalence and risk factors of bacteriuria in cirrhotic patients: a prospective case-control multicenter study in 244 patients.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prevalence and risks factors of bacteriuria in cirrhotics have not been assessed by case-control study, and there are conflicting data concerning the role of liver failure and of ascites. The aims of this study were: i) to evaluate the prevalence of bacteriuria in cirrhotics, ii) to search for associated factors, iii) to evaluate the role of bladder post-void residual volume, and iv) to test the sensitivity of isolated bacteria to norfloxacin. METHODS: The prevalence and risk factors of bacteriuria on admission were determined by a multicenter prospective case-control study. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty-four cirrhotic patients and 240 controls were studied. Bacteriuria was present in 38 patients (15.6%; IC 5%: 11%-20%) and 18 controls (7.5%; IC 5%: 4.2%-11%; p<0.001). By univariate analysis, female sex and ongoing diuretic treatment were associated with bacteriuria (p<0.0001 and p<0.04, respectively). Pugh's grade, ascites and bladder residual volume were not associated with bacteriuria. By multivariate analysis, female sex (p<0.0001) and Child-Pugh score (p<0.03) were predictors of bacteriuria. Sensitivity of bacteria to norfloxacin was observed in 94.7%; sterile urine cultures were noted in 95.2% of patients treated with this antibiotic. CONCLUSION: Bacteriuria is twice as frequent in cirrhotic patients as in matched controls, and there is a trend to association with female sex and liver insufficiency.[1]


  1. Prevalence and risk factors of bacteriuria in cirrhotic patients: a prospective case-control multicenter study in 244 patients. Cadranel, J.F., Denis, J., Pauwels, A., Barbare, J.C., Eugène, C., di Martino, V., Poquet, E., Medini, A., Coutarel, P., Latrive, J.P., Lemaître, P., Devergie, B. J. Hepatol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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