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Disease relevance of Bacteriuria


High impact information on Bacteriuria


Chemical compound and disease context of Bacteriuria

  • Self-screening for significant bacteriuria. Evaluation of dip-strip combination nitrite/culture test [10].
  • After the introduction of bladder irrigation with povidone-iodine in the orthopaedic department of Leiden University Hospital the incidence of hospital-acquired bacteriuria fell from 6.9% to 3.7% [11].
  • Among diabetic subjects, prevalence of bacteriuria increased with longer disease duration but was not affected by measures of glucose control [12].
  • In the norfloxacin group bacteriuria was eliminated in 8 cases, unchanged in 1, decreased in 1 and replaced in 5 [13].
  • Of the 11 patients treated with amoxicillin, 1 had positive urine cultures during treatment, and 1 treated with ampicillin continued to be symptomatic.. Recurrence of bacteriuria occurred in three of seven patients with persistent bladder calcification [14].

Biological context of Bacteriuria


Anatomical context of Bacteriuria

  • Diabetic (n = 206) and normal (n = 418) subjects were identified from a defined geographic area in the San Luis Valley of southern Colorado. Presence of asymptomatic bacteriuria was determined by testing the subjects' urine with a reagent-strip test for nitrite and leukocyte esterase (Chemstrip LN) [12].
  • We conducted 202 trials in 161 male hospital patients to determine if prophylactic administration of ascorbic acid or antibacterials (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, nalidixic acid, methenamine hippurate or nitrofurantoin macrocrystals) would prevent bacteriuria infections in spinal cord injury patients who had had at least 1 bout of bacteriuria [20].
  • The best predictors for significant bacteriuria (defined as a culture with more than 50,000 colony-forming units) were > or = 2+ bacteriuria (sensitivity, 0.74; specificity, 0.80), or > or = 10 white blood cells per high-power field (sensitivity, 0.816; specificity, 0.651), or a positive nitrite test (sensitivity, 0.395; specificity, 0.929) [21].
  • Asymptomatic bacteriuria in elderly humans is associated with increased levels of circulating TNF receptors and elevated numbers of neutrophils [22].
  • Pre-existing bacteriuria of 2 to 3 weeks' duration in the rabbit had no effect on either the histological integrity of the sialomucin layer (anti-adherence factor) of the bladder mucosa or the protective effect of this layer against super-infection [23].

Gene context of Bacteriuria

  • Urine proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 (P = 0.001) and IL-8 (P = 0.007) were significantly higher in male patients with bacteriuria than in males without bacteriuria and sIL-2R (P = 0.001) and sIL-6R (P = 0.03) were significantly higher in males with leukocyturia than in males without leukocyturia [24].
  • Interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in children with febrile urinary tract infection and asymptomatic bacteriuria [25].
  • In SSI patients, 22.7% of group I and 35.7% in group II, had MRSA bacteriuria before operation [26].
  • Letter: Urine microscopy in detection of bacteriuria [27].
  • The course of significant asymptomatic and symptomatic bacteriuria in women with PBC was evaluated: consecutive patients were screened for bacteriuria at their outpatient appointments [28].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Bacteriuria


  1. Salmonella typhimurium bacteriuria. An increased infection rate in systemic lupus erythematosus. Frayha, R.A., Jizi, I., Saadeh, G. Arch. Intern. Med. (1985) [Pubmed]
  2. Effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole on recurrent bacteriuria and bacterial persistence in mice infected with uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Schilling, J.D., Lorenz, R.G., Hultgren, S.J. Infect. Immun. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Comparison of urine and serum concentrations of interleukin-6 in women with acute pyelonephritis or asymptomatic bacteriuria. Hedges, S., Stenqvist, K., Lidin-Janson, G., Martinell, J., Sandberg, T., Svanborg, C. J. Infect. Dis. (1992) [Pubmed]
  4. Albuminuria in people at least 40 years old: effect of obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Metcalf, P., Baker, J., Scott, A., Wild, C., Scragg, R., Dryson, E. Clin. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
  5. Interspecies gene transfer in vivo producing an outbreak of multiply resistant shigellosis. Tauxe, R.V., Cavanagh, T.R., Cohen, M.L. J. Infect. Dis. (1989) [Pubmed]
  6. Randomized comparative trial and cost analysis of 3-day antimicrobial regimens for treatment of acute cystitis in women. Hooton, T.M., Winter, C., Tiu, F., Stamm, W.E. JAMA (1995) [Pubmed]
  7. Dipstick urinalysis screening of asymptomatic adults for urinary tract disorders. II. Bacteriuria. Pels, R.J., Bor, D.H., Woolhandler, S., Himmelstein, D.U., Lawrence, R.S. JAMA (1989) [Pubmed]
  8. Single-dose therapy for cystitis in women. A comparison of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, and cyclacillin. Hooton, T.M., Running, K., Stamm, W.E. JAMA (1985) [Pubmed]
  9. Cephalexin for susceptible bacteriuria in afebrile, long-term catheterized patients. Warren, J.W., Anthony, W.C., Hoopes, J.M., Muncie, H.L. JAMA (1982) [Pubmed]
  10. Self-screening for significant bacteriuria. Evaluation of dip-strip combination nitrite/culture test. Kunin, C.M., DeGroot, J.E. JAMA (1975) [Pubmed]
  11. Bladder irrigation with povidone-iodine in prevention of urinary-tract infections associated with intermittent urethral catheterisation. van den Broek, P.J., Daha, T.J., Mouton, R.P. Lancet (1985) [Pubmed]
  12. Prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in subjects with NIDDM in San Luis Valley of Colorado. Keane, E.M., Boyko, E.J., Reller, L.B., Hamman, R.F. Diabetes Care (1988) [Pubmed]
  13. Open randomised comparison of ofloxacin and norfloxacin in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections. Rugendorff, E.W. Drugs (1987) [Pubmed]
  14. Chronic Salmonella bacteriuria with intermittent bacteremia treated with low doses of amoxicillin or ampicillin. Bassily, S.B., Kilpatrick, M.E., Farid, Z., Mikhail, I.A., El-Masry, N.A. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1981) [Pubmed]
  15. Kinetics and dynamics of tobramycin action in patients with bacteriuria given single doses. Peloquin, C.A., Cumbo, T.J., Schentag, J.J. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Prevalence and risk factors of bacteriuria in cirrhotic patients: a prospective case-control multicenter study in 244 patients. Cadranel, J.F., Denis, J., Pauwels, A., Barbare, J.C., Eugène, C., di Martino, V., Poquet, E., Medini, A., Coutarel, P., Latrive, J.P., Lemaître, P., Devergie, B. J. Hepatol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. Expression of type 1 fimbriae may be required for persistence of Escherichia coli in the catheterized urinary tract. Mobley, H.L., Chippendale, G.R., Tenney, J.H., Hull, R.A., Warren, J.W. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  18. Antimicrobial agents for the prevention of urinary tract infection in transurethral surgery. Falkiner, F.R., Ma, P.T., Murphy, D.M., Cafferkey, M.T., Gillespie, W.A. J. Urol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  19. Immunoblot analysis of serologic response to outer membrane proteins of Escherichia coli in elderly individuals with urinary tract infections. Nicolle, L.E., Ujack, E., Brunka, J., Bryan, L.E. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  20. Prophylactic antibacterial therapy for preventing urinary tract infections in spinal cord injury patients. Kuhlemeier, K.V., Stover, S.L., Lloyd, L.K. J. Urol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  21. Urinalysis predictive of urine culture results. Bailey, B.L. The Journal of family practice. (1995) [Pubmed]
  22. Asymptomatic bacteriuria in elderly humans is associated with increased levels of circulating TNF receptors and elevated numbers of neutrophils. Priø, T.K., Bruunsgaard, H., Røge, B., Pedersen, B.K. Exp. Gerontol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. The effect of pre-existing bacteriuria on bladder resistance to superinfection in the rabbit. Hanno, P.M., Fritz, R., Wein, A.J., Mulholland, S.G. Urol. Res. (1981) [Pubmed]
  24. Strong inflammatory cytokine response in male and strong anti-inflammatory response in female kidney transplant recipients with urinary tract infection. Sadeghi, M., Daniel, V., Naujokat, C., Wiesel, M., Hergesell, O., Opelz, G. Transpl. Int. (2005) [Pubmed]
  25. Interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in children with febrile urinary tract infection and asymptomatic bacteriuria. Benson, M., Jodal, U., Agace, W., Hellström, M., Mårild, S., Rosberg, S., Sjöström, M., Wettergren, B., Jönsson, S., Svanborg, C. J. Infect. Dis. (1996) [Pubmed]
  26. Staphylococcus aureus bacteriuria and surgical site infections by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Matsukawa, M., Kunishima, Y., Takahashi, S., Takeyama, K., Tsukamoto, T. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Letter: Urine microscopy in detection of bacteriuria. Arcadi, J.A. Lancet (1975) [Pubmed]
  28. Natural history of bacteriuria in women with primary biliary cirrhosis and the effect of antimicrobial therapy in symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Butler, P., Hamilton-Miller, J.M., McIntyre, N., Burroughs, A.K. Gut (1995) [Pubmed]
  29. Use of nitrofurantoin macrocrystals after transurethral prostatectomy. Weiss,, J., Wein, A., Jacobs, J., Hanno, P. J. Urol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  30. Bacteriuria with intestinal loop urinary diversion in children. Stewart, W.W., Cass, A.S., Matsen, J.M. J. Urol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  31. Pathogenic significance of P-fimbriated Escherichia coli in urinary tract infections. Domingue, G.J., Roberts, J.A., Laucirica, R., Ratner, M.H., Bell, D.P., Suarez, G.M., Kallenius, G., Svenson, S. J. Urol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  32. Daily meatal care for prevention of catheter-associated bacteriuria: results using frequent applications of polyantibiotic cream. Classen, D.C., Larsen, R.A., Burke, J.P., Alling, D.W., Stevens, L.E. Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America. (1991) [Pubmed]
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