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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemokine amplification in mesangial cells.

Mesangial cells are specialized cells of the renal glomerulus that share some properties of vascular smooth muscle cells and macrophages. They are implicated in the pathogenesis of many forms of nephritis. The murine CXC-chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and KC induce migration of mouse mesangial cells. Mesangial cells also exhibit a unique chemokine feedback mechanism. Treatment with nanomolar concentrations of MIP-2 or KC markedly up-regulates monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and RANTES expression in mesangial cells. Autoinduction of MIP-2 and KC mRNA was also noted. Low levels of MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, and IFN-gamma-inducible protein-10 were induced following treatment with higher doses of MIP-2 or KC. These effects are specific to mesangial cells, as MIP-2 or KC treatment of renal cortical epithelial cells or peritoneal macrophages failed to induce chemokine production. This cascade of chemokine interactions may contribute to renal infiltration and leukocyte activation. The abilities of MIP-2 or KC to stimulate their own synthesis may also contribute to the maintenance and chronic course of glomerular inflammation. The mesangial cell receptor for MIP-2 and/or KC is unknown but is not CXC-chemokine receptor-2.[1]


  1. Chemokine amplification in mesangial cells. Luo, Y., Lloyd, C., Gutierrez-Ramos, J.C., Dorf, M.E. J. Immunol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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