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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glycosylation of natural human neutrophil gelatinase B and neutrophil gelatinase B-associated lipocalin.

Gelatinase B is a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-9) involved in tissue remodeling, development, cancer, and inflammation. Neutrophils produce three major forms of (pro)gelatinase B: 92 kDa monomers, homodimers, and complexes of gelatinase B covalently bound to neutrophil gelatinase B-associated lipocalin (NGAL). In contrast to the case for other proteinases, little information about the glycosylation of any natural human MMP is available. Here, both gelatinase B and NGAL were purified from human peripheral blood neutrophils, and the entire contents of the released N- and O-glycan pools were analyzed simultaneously using recently developed high-performance liquid chromatography-based technology. The results are discussed within the context of the domain structure of gelatinase B and a molecular model of NGAL based on data from this study and the three-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) structure of the protein. More than 95% of the N-linked glycans attached to both gelatinase B and NGAL were partially sialylated, core-fucosylated biantennary structures with and without outer arm fucose. The O-linked glycans, which were estimated to comprise approximately 85% of the total sugars on gelatinase B, mainly consisted of type 2 cores with Galbeta1,4GlcNAc (lactosamine) extensions, with or without sialic acid or outer arm fucose. This paper also contains the first report of O-linked glycans attached to NGAL. Although both proteins were isolated from neutrophils and contained O-linked glycans mainly with type 2 cores, the glycans attached to individual serine/threonine residue(s) in NGAL were significantly smaller than those on gelatinase B. In contrast to NGAL, gelatinase B contains a region rich in Ser, Thr, and Pro typical of O-glycosylated mucin-like domains.[1]


  1. Glycosylation of natural human neutrophil gelatinase B and neutrophil gelatinase B-associated lipocalin. Rudd, P.M., Mattu, T.S., Masure, S., Bratt, T., Van den Steen, P.E., Wormald, M.R., Küster, B., Harvey, D.J., Borregaard, N., Van Damme, J., Dwek, R.A., Opdenakker, G. Biochemistry (1999) [Pubmed]
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