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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 receptor in human sperm cell.

The present study was conducted to examine the presence of insulin-like growth factor- receptor (IGF-1R) in human sperm cell. The IGF-1R monoclonal antibody (MAb) specifically immunoprecipitated two protein bands of approximately 135 and approximately 220 kD, respectively, from the reduced human sperm extract. These bands correspond to the alpha-subunit and partially reduced IGF-1R molecule, respectively. The immunocytochemistry experiments indicated the presence of IGF-1R primarily in the equatorial regions, along with a weak binding in the acrosomal regions of human spermatozoa. These data indicate that the IGF-1 receptor is present in the human sperm cell. Since the IGF-1 receptor has tyrosine kinase activity and its ligand IGF-1 is present in the seminal plasma, the IGF-1 system (IGF-1R/IGF-1/IGF-binding protein) may be involved in the signal transduction pathway leading to sperm capacitation and acrosome exocytosis.[1]


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