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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Loss of insulin-like growth factor I receptor-dependent expression of p107 and cyclin A in cells that lack the extracellular matrix protein secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine.

The extracellular matrix- associated glycoprotein secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) has been implicated in the control of cell proliferation during tissue remodeling, wound healing, and malignant development. Here, we describe a novel mechanism through which SPARC influences cell cycle progression in embryonic fibroblasts derived from Sparc-nullizygous (-/-) mice. SPARC-deficient cells were indistinguishable from wild-type cells in their ability to initiate DNA synthesis after treatment with either fetal bovine serum or platelet-derived growth factor. In contrast, Sparc -/- cells responded poorly to activation of the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGFI-R) by insulin. This defect was traced to reduced expression of the IGFI-R in Sparc -/- cells. Consistent with impaired cell cycle progression through S-phase, insulin-stimulated Sparc -/- cells also revealed reduced expression of two key regulators of S phase progression ( cyclin A and thymidine kinase), whereas expression of the G1 phase progression regulators cmyc or cyclin D1 was unaffected. An examination of the status of retinoblastoma family pocket proteins in Sparc -/- cells revealed a selective and dramatic reduction in levels of the retinoblastoma-related protein p107. Exogenous platelet-derived growth factor restored expression of the IGFI-R and IGFI-R dependent DNA synthesis as well as induction of cyclin A, thymidine kinase, and p107 in insulin- stimulated Sparc -/- cells. These results suggest that SPARC-dependent matrix to cell interactions contribute to the regulation of p107 and cyclin A through IGFI-R dependent pathway(s).[1]


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