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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of neuropeptide-sensitive L-type Ca(2+) channels in histamine release in gastric enterochromaffin-like cells.

Peptides release histamine from enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells because of elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) by either receptor-operated or voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels (VDCC). To determine whether VDCCs contribute to histamine release stimulated by gastrin or pituitary adenylate cyclase- activating polypeptide (PACAP), the presence of VDCCs and their possible modulation by peptides was investigated in a 48-h cultured rat gastric cell population containing 85% ECL cells. Video imaging of fura 2-loaded cells was used to measure [Ca(2+)](i), and histamine was assayed by RIA. Cells were depolarized by increasing extracellular K(+) concentrations or by 20 mM tetraethylammonium (TEA(+)). Cell depolarization increased transient and steady-state [Ca(2+)](i) and resulted in histamine release, dependent on extracellular Ca(2+). These K(+)- or TEA(+)-dependent effects on histamine release from ECL cells were coupled to activation of parietal cells in intact rabbit gastric glands, and L-type channel blockade by 2 microM nifedipine inhibited 50% of [Ca(2+)](i) elevation and histamine release. N-type channel blockade by 1 microM omega-conotoxin GVIA inhibited 25% of [Ca(2+)](i) elevation and 14% of histamine release. Inhibition was additive. The effects of 20 mM TEA(+) were fully inhibited by 2 microM nifedipine. Both classes of Ca(2+) channels were found in ECL cells, but not in parietal cells, by RT-PCR. Nifedipine reduced PACAP-induced (but not gastrin-stimulated) Ca(2+) entry and histamine release by 40%. Somatostatin, peptide YY ( PYY), and galanin dose dependently inhibited L-type Ca(2+) channels via a pertussis toxin-sensitive pathway. L-type VDCCs play a role in PACAP but not gastrin stimulation of histamine release from ECL cells, and the channel opening is inhibited by somatostatin, PYY, and galanin by interaction with a G(i) or G(o) protein.[1]


  1. Role of neuropeptide-sensitive L-type Ca(2+) channels in histamine release in gastric enterochromaffin-like cells. Zeng, N., Athmann, C., Kang, T., Walsh, J.H., Sachs, G. Am. J. Physiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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