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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A purine auxotroph deficient in phosphoribosylpyrophosphate amidotransferase and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate aminotransferase activities with normal activity of ribose-5-phosphate aminotransferase.

Three enzyme reactions have been reported to catalyze the synthesis of phosphoribosylamine in eukaryotic cells. These activities are glutamine phosphoribosylpyrophosphate (P-Rib-P-P) amidotransferase [amidophosphoribosyl-transferase; 5-phosphoribosylamine: pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase (glutamate-amidating) EC], ammonia P-Rib-P-P aminotransferase, and ammonia ribose-5-phosphate aminotransferase. A purine auxotroph derived from a cell line of Chinese hamster fibroblasts was shown to be deficient in catalytic activities of glutamine P-Rib-P-P amidotransferase and ammonia P-Rib-P-P aminotransferase. Extracts from this cell line had normal ammonia ribose-5-phosphate aminotransferase activity. The defect in purine biosynthesis in the mutant cell line was localized to the synthesis of phosphoribosylamine. These results indicate that glutamine P-Rib-P-P amidotransferase or ammonia P-Rib-P-P aminotransferase or both are important for phosphoribosylamine synthesis, but that ammonia ribose-5-phosphate aminotransferase activity probably does not play a significant role in this eukaryotic cell line. The simultaneous disappearance of both P-Rib-P-P-dependent activities suggests these two enzyme activities are closely related structurally or genetically.[1]


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