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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of caffeine and/or heparin in a chemically defined medium with or without glucose on in vitro penetration of bovine oocytes and their subsequent development.

Bovine cumulus-enclosed oocytes were matured in culture for 22 to 24 h, freed from cumulus cells and inseminated with frozen-thawed spermatozoa in a chemically defined medium containing 1 mg polyvinylalcohol/ml with or without 5 mM caffeine and/or 10 micrograms heparin/ml and 13.9 mM glucose. Penetration of oocytes was observed only in the medium containing caffeine and/or heparin. Regardless of the presence of glucose, similar proportions of oocytes were penetrated in the medium containing heparin with (73 and 83%) or without (36 and 41%) caffeine. However, when the medium was supplemented with caffeine only, a higher penetration rate was observed in the presence (41%) than in the absence (27%) of glucose. When oocytes inseminated in medium containing caffeine and heparin with or without glucose were cultured in a chemically defined, protein-free medium, 72 and 90% and 9 and 21% of inseminated oocytes developed to the > or = 2-cell and blastocyst stages 48 and 192 h post insemination, respectively. These results, obtained using chemically defined conditions, indicate that glucose is required for stimulating fertilization in vitro of bovine oocytes and that synergistic action of caffeine and heparin appears independently of the reversing activity of caffeine on the inhibition of heparin-induced sperm capacitation by glucose.[1]


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