The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Epidermal growth factor signaling pathway influences retinoid metabolism by reduction of retinyl ester hydrolase activities in normal and malignant keratinocytes.

The effects of EGFR signaling on retinol metabolism were evaluated in the squamous cell carcinoma cell lines defective in LRAT. In a 24-h incubation, the presence of EGF resulted in a 20-25% increase in retinyl ester accumulation. Assessment of retinol esterification and retinyl ester utilization (hydrolysis), in cell cultures and in cell homogenates, revealed that the increase in retinyl ester mass was the result of a reduction in retinyl ester hydrolysis. When grown in the absence of EGF, the cultures used about 40% of their retinyl esters, compared to about 21% in cultures grown with EGF. This effect of EGF was blocked by an EGF receptor-neutralizing antibody, an EGF receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (PD153035), and a specific inhibitor of MEK kinase influencing the mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK) cascade (PD98059). Both transcription and translation were required, suggesting that signaling from the EGF receptor through the MAPK cascade controls the expression of modulators or inhibitors of the retinyl ester hydrolase(s). Thus EGFR signaling can alter the intracellular concentration of retinol by suppressing the access to the retinyl ester pool. Similar EGF effects were seen in cultures of normal keratinocytes.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities