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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Beta-chemokine receptor CCR5 signals through SHP1, SHP2, and Syk.

The beta-chemokine receptor CCR5 has been shown to modulate cell migration, proliferation, and immune functions and to serve as a co-receptor for the human immunodeficiency virus. We and others have shown that CCR5 activates related adhesion focal tyrosine kinase (RAFTK)/Pyk2/CAK-beta. In this study, we further characterize the signaling molecules activated by CCR5 upon binding to its cognate ligand, macrophage inflammatory protein-1beta (MIP1beta). We observed enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of the phosphatases SHP1 and SHP2 upon MIP1beta stimulation of CCR5 L1.2 transfectants and T-cells derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Furthermore, we observed that SHP1 associated with RAFTK. However, using a dominant-negative phosphatase-binding mutant of RAFTK (RAFTK(m906)), we found that RAFTK does not mediate SHP1 or SHP2 phosphorylation. SHP1 and SHP2 also associated with the adaptor protein Grb2 and the Src-related kinase Syk. Pretreatment of CCR5 L1.2 transfectants or T-cells with the phosphatase inhibitor orthovanadate markedly abolished MIP1beta-induced chemotaxis. Syk was also activated upon MIP1beta stimulation of CCR5 L1.2 transfectants or T-cells and associated with RAFTK. Overexpression of a dominant-negative Src-binding mutant of RAFTK (RAFTK(m402)) significantly attenuated Syk activation, whereas overexpression of wild-type RAFTK enhanced Syk activity, indicating that RAFTK acts upstream of CCR5-mediated Syk activation. Taken together, these results suggest that MIP1beta stimulation mediated by CCR5 induces the formation of a signaling complex consisting of RAFTK, Syk, SHP1, and Grb2.[1]


  1. Beta-chemokine receptor CCR5 signals through SHP1, SHP2, and Syk. Ganju, R.K., Brubaker, S.A., Chernock, R.D., Avraham, S., Groopman, J.E. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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