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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TNF-alpha induces apoptosis mediated by AEBSF-sensitive serine protease(s) that may involve upstream caspase-3/CPP32 protease activation in a human gastric cancer cell line.

In the present study, we investigated the role of caspase-3/CPP32 and serine protease(s) in cell death induced by TNF-alpha in SNU-16 human gastric adenocarcinoma cells. Apoptosis induced in SNU-16 cells by TNF-alpha was accompanied by the activation of caspase-3/CPP32. After treatment with TNF-alpha, PKCdelta cleaved to its characteristic 40 kDa fragment in a caspase-3/CPP32 dependent manner. Incubation with z-DEVD-fmk completely abrogated TNF-alpha-induced DNA fragmentation, indicating that activation of caspase-3/CPP32 was crucially involved in TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis. In addition, serine protease inhibitor, 4-(2-aminoethyl)benzenesulfonyl fluoride (AEBSF), clearly inhibited all the features of apoptosis including DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation. Furthermore, in the AEBSF treated SNU-16 cells, only intact PKCdelta was detected by immunoblot analysis, suggesting that activation of caspase-3/CPP32 was blocked. Thus, the AEBSF-sensitive step may involve an upstream caspase-3/CPP32 protease activation. Taken together, these results suggest that both caspase-3/CPP32 and serine protease(s) are activated and play an important role in TNF-alpha induced apoptosis in SNU-16 cells.[1]


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