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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transforming growth factor-beta stimulates inorganic phosphate transport and expression of the type III phosphate transporter Glvr-1 in chondrogenic ATDC5 cells.

Members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta family are important regulators of skeletal development. In this study, we investigated the effect of TGF-beta1 on inorganic phosphate (Pi) transport and on expression of the type III Pi carriers Glvr-1 and Ram-1 in murine ATDC5 chondrocytes. TGF-beta1 induced a selective, dose- and time-dependent increase in sodium-dependent Pi transport in ATDC5 cells. This response was dependent on RNA and protein synthesis and reflected a change in the maximal rate of the transport system, suggesting that TGF-beta1 induces the synthesis of new Pi carriers and their insertion into the plasma membrane. Consistently, Northern blotting analysis showed a dose-dependent increase in Glvr-1 messenger RNA expression in response to TGF-beta1, which preceded the maximal stimulation of Pi transport by several hours. Glvr-1 thus likely mediates at least part of the increase in Pi uptake induced by TGF-beta1. Ram-1 messenger RNA expression was not affected by TGF-beta1. TGF-beta1 activated the Smad signaling pathway and the mitogen- activated protein kinases ERK and p38 in ATDC5 cells. Unlike the regulation of Pi transport by receptor tyrosine kinase agonists in osteoblasts, the effect of TGF-beta1 on Pi uptake in ATDC5 cells did not involve protein kinase C or mitogen-activated protein kinases, suggesting that a specific, possibly Smad-dependent, signal mediates this response. In conclusion, TGF-beta1 stimulates Pi transport and Glvr-1 expression in chondrocytes, suggesting that, like proliferation, differentiation, and matrix synthesis, Pi handling is subject to regulation by TGF-beta3 family members in bone-forming cells.[1]


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