The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of ventilation and nonventilation on pulmonary venous blood gases and markers of lung hypoxia in humans undergoing total cardiopulmonary bypass.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of lung oxygenation and ventilation vs. lung collapse on pulmonary markers of lung hypoxia. DESIGN: A prospective, nonrandomized, nonblinded comparative study. SETTING: University department of anesthesiology and cardiothoracic surgery. SUBJECTS: Twelve adult patients undergoing coronary bypass grafting requiring total cardiopulmonary bypass. INTERVENTIONS: Single lung ventilation during total cardiopulmonary bypass (tidal volume, 150 mL; respiratory rate, 6 breaths/min; inspiratory oxygen fraction, 0.5) while the contralateral lung was allowed to collapse completely without oxygenation. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: At the beginning and at the end of total cardiopulmonary bypass (duration, 59-65 mins), blood was aspirated from the right and left pulmonary veins and the radial artery for measurement of blood gases and concentrations of endothelin-1, big-endothelin, thromboxane B2, lactate, and lactate dehydrogenase. Nonventilation during total cardiopulmonary bypass compared with ventilation resulted in lower pulmonary venous P(O2) values (57+/-15 torr [7.6+/-2.0 kPa] vs. 103+/-23 torr [13.7+/-3.1 kPa]) and higher thromboxane B2 concentrations (488+/-95 pg/mL vs. 434+/-92 pg/mL). The concentrations of endothelin-1, big-endothelin, lactate, and lactate dehydrogenase in the pulmonary veins did not differ significantly between nonventilated and ventilated lungs. CONCLUSIONS: Development of pulmonary tissue hypoxia during 1 hr of nonventilation and cardiopulmonary bypass with completely inhibited pulmonary arterial blood flow is unlikely, suggesting that enough oxygen is stored in or is provided to the collapsed lung. Thus, nonventilation during total cardiopulmonary bypass does not appear to contribute to postoperative respiratory dysfunction by causing pulmonary tissue hypoxia. These results, however, do not exclude that mechanical factors of ventilation might benefit the lung during cardiopulmonary bypass.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities