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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Proliferative responses of mesangial cells to growth factors during compensatory versus dietary hypertrophy.

While the bulk of renal hypertrophy induced by contralateral nephrectomy or a high-protein diet consists of tubular cell growth, there is some evidence suggesting that mesangial cells play a role in this phenomenon. Previous data suggest that this role of mesangial cells is associated with their proliferation. We, therefore, undertook this investigation to assess the proliferative responses of mesangial cells, originating from single remaining kidneys or from kidneys of rats fed a high-protein diet, to epinephrine, endothelin, arginine vasopressin, neo-synephrine, or epidermal growth factor ( EGF). All agents significantly enhanced the proliferation of normal mesangial cells, though the responses to neo-synephrine and EGF were significantly lower as compared with the other growth promoters. The mitogenic effects of the first three agents on single kidney mesangial cells were significant, but blunted as compared with control cells. This blunting was not evident in the case of the latter two mitogens. A significant enhancement of proliferation of mesangial cells originating from protein-fed rats was produced by epinephrine, neo-synephrine, and EGF. These effects were statistically not different from those observed in normal mesangial cells. The proliferative response to each of the mitogens used in the study proved highly specific for each mitogen, since it was abolished by respective specific inhibitors. Mesangial cells may play a role in the activation and later in progressive inhibition of renal hypertrophy in vivo.[1]


  1. Proliferative responses of mesangial cells to growth factors during compensatory versus dietary hypertrophy. Weissgarten, J., Modai, D., Berman, S., Cohn, M., Galperin, E., Averbukh, Z. Nephron (2000) [Pubmed]
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