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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The adaptor protein Gads (Grb2-related adaptor downstream of Shc) is implicated in coupling hemopoietic progenitor kinase-1 to the activated TCR.

The hemopoietic-specific Gads (Grb2-related adaptor downstream of Shc) adaptor protein possesses amino- and carboxyl-terminal Src homology 3 (SH3) domains flanking a central SH2 domain and a unique region rich in glutamine and proline residues. Gads functions to couple the activated TCR to distal signaling events through its interactions with the leukocyte-specific signaling proteins SLP-76 (SH2 domain-containing leukocyte protein of 76 kDa) and LAT (linker for activated T cells). Expression library screening for additional Gads-interacting molecules identified the hemopoietic progenitor kinase-1 (HPK1), and we investigated the HPK1-Gads interaction within the DO11.10 murine T cell hybridoma system. Our results demonstrate that HPK1 inducibly associates with Gads and becomes tyrosine phosphorylated following TCR activation. HPK1 kinase activity is up-regulated in response to activation of the TCR and requires the presence of its proline-rich motifs. Mapping experiments have revealed that the carboxyl-terminal SH3 domain of Gads and the fourth proline-rich region of HPK1 are essential for their interaction. Deletion of the fourth proline-rich region of HPK1 or expression of a Gads SH2 mutant in T cells inhibits TCR-induced HPK1 tyrosine phosphorylation. Together, these data suggest that HPK1 is involved in signaling downstream from the TCR, and that SH2/SH3 domain-containing adaptor proteins, such as Gads, may function to recruit HPK1 to the activated TCR complex.[1]


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