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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rat cytomegalovirus infection in kidney allograft recipients is associated with increased expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 vascular adhesion molecule-1, and their ligands leukocyte function antigen-1 and very late antigen-4 in the graft.

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is suggested to be a risk factor for chronic rejection. We have recently shown that rat CMV (RCMV) increases the inflammatory response and accelerates chronic rejection in a model of rat kidney allograft. In this study, the early inflammatory response and time-related expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and their ligands, leukocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1) and very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), in the grafts were investigated in RCMV-infected rats and compared to noninfected rats developing chronic rejection. METHODS: Transplantations were performed in a rat strain combination of DA (RT1a)->BN (RT1n) receiving triple drug immunosuppression. One group of rats was infected with RCMV, and the other was left uninfected. The grafts were harvested at different time points after transplantation. The adhesion molecules, their ligands and activation markers, MHC class II antigens and interleukin-2-receptors (IL-2-R), were demonstrated by monoclonal antibodies and immunoperoxidase staining from frozen sections of the grafts. Graft histology was evaluated according to the Banff criteria. RESULTS: RCMV caused a significant, prolonged increase of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression in the vascular endothelium compared to the noninfected grafts. Also, the number of cells expressing activation markers, LFA-1 and VLA-4 was significantly enhanced in these animals. Significantly enhanced histological changes of chronic rejection were seen in the RCMV-infected group. CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged, increased expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, and increased numbers of inflammatory cells expressing their ligands in the CMV infected grafts, were associated with accelerated chronic allograft nephropathy.[1]


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