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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of mast cells in ischaemia-reperfusion injury in murine skeletal muscle.

To determine the role of mast cells in ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury to skeletal muscle, W(f)/W(f) mast cell-deficient and their corresponding wild-type mice were subjected to 70 min tourniquet ischaemia and 24 h reperfusion. As measured by nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) staining, muscle viability was 9% in wild-type and 94% in mast cell-deficient animals (p<0.001). Assay of residual lactate dehydrogenase activity within the injured muscle (p<0.05) and histological examination confirmed the greater muscle necrosis in treated wild-type than in treated mast cell-deficient mice. There was no significant difference in the degree of neutrophil infiltration, tissue myeloperoxidase content or water content of IR-injured muscle in the two mouse phenotypes. To determine further the role of mast cells in IR injury, wild-type mice were treated 30 min prior to reperfusion with an intraperitoneal dose of either saline or the mast cell-stabilizing agent lodoxamide trometamol (2.5, 7.5, 25 or 75 mg/kg). Twenty-four hours after removal of the tourniquet, saline-treated gastrocnemius muscle had a mean viability of 14% compared with 28% (p<0.05) and 48% (p<0.01) after 25 mg/kg and 75 mg/kg of lodoxamide treatment, respectively. The ability of lodoxamide to stabilize mast cells was confirmed by histological examination. Ischaemic muscle reperfused for 1 h showed much less degranulation of mast cells in mice pretreated with lodoxamide (50 mg/kg) than in saline-treated controls. These findings suggest that mast cells are a major source of mediators of necrosis in IR injury to skeletal muscle.[1]


  1. The role of mast cells in ischaemia-reperfusion injury in murine skeletal muscle. Lazarus, B., Messina, A., Barker, J.E., Hurley, J.V., Romeo, R., Morrison, W.A., Knight, K.R. J. Pathol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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